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2024-7-13 13:26:54

Kang M, Wang LF, Sun BW, Wan WB, Ji X, Baele G, Bi. Zoonotic infections by avian influenza virus: changing global epidemiology, investigation, and control. Lancet Infect Dis. 2024 Jun 12:S1473-3099(24)00234
submited by kickingbird at Jun, 17, 2024 8:13 AM from Lancet Infect Dis. 2024 Jun 12:S1473-3099(24)00234

Avian influenza virus continues to pose zoonotic, epizootic, and pandemic threats worldwide, as exemplified by the 2020-23 epizootics of re-emerging H5 genotype avian influenza viruses among birds and mammals and the fatal jump to humans of emerging A(H3N8) in early 2023. Future influenza pandemic threats are driven by extensive mutations and reassortments of avian influenza viruses rooted in frequent interspecies transmission and genetic mixing and underscore the urgent need for more effective actions. We examine the changing global epidemiology of human infections caused by avian influenza viruses over the past decade, including dramatic increases in both the number of reported infections in humans and the spectrum of avian influenza virus subtypes that have jumped to humans. We also discuss the use of advanced surveillance, diagnostic technologies, and state-of-the-art analysis methods for tracking emerging avian influenza viruses. We outline an avian influenza virus-specific application of the One Health approach, integrating enhanced surveillance, tightened biosecurity, targeted vaccination, timely precautions, and timely clinical management, and fostering global collaboration to control the threats of avian influenza viruses.

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