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2024-7-14 12:47:11

Andreev K, Jones JC, Seiler P, Kandeil A, Turner J. Antiviral Susceptibility of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Viruses Circulating Globally in 2022-2023. J Infect Dis. 2023 Sep 28:jiad418
submited by kickingbird at Oct, 1, 2023 17:39 PM from J Infect Dis. 2023 Sep 28:jiad418

The antiviral susceptibility of currently circulating (2022-2023) highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5N1) viruses was assessed by genotypic and phenotypic approaches. The frequency of neuraminidase (NA) and polymerase acidic (PA) substitutions associated with reduced inhibition by NA inhibitors (NAIs) (21/2698, 0.78%) or by the PA inhibitor baloxavir (14/2600, 0.54%) was low. Phenotypic testing of 22 clade and viruses revealed broad susceptibility to NAIs and baloxavir concluding that most contemporary HPAI A(H5N1) viruses retain susceptibility to antiviral drugs. Novel NA-K432E and NA-T438I substitutions (N2 numbering) were identified at elevated frequencies (104/2698, 3.85%) and caused reduced zanamivir and peramivir inhibition.

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