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2021-12-5 9:09:18

Mhamdi Z, Carbonneau J, Venable MC, Baz M, Abed Y,. Replication and transmission of an influenza A(H3N2) virus harboring the polymerase acidic I38T substitution, in guinea pigs. J Gen Virol. 2021 Oct;102(10)
submited by kickingbird at Oct, 19, 2021 12:52 PM from J Gen Virol. 2021 Oct;102(10)

The polymerase acidic (PA) I38T substitution is a dominant marker of resistance to baloxavir. We evaluated the impact of I38T on the fitness of a contemporary influenza A(H3N2) virus. Influenza A/Switzerland/9715293/2013 (H3N2) wild-type (WT) virus and its I38T mutant were rescued by reverse genetics. Replication kinetics were compared using ST6GalI-MDCK and A549 cells and infectivity/contact transmissibility were evaluated in guinea pigs. Nasal wash (NW) viral titres were determined by TCID50 ml-1 in ST6GalI-MDCK cells. Competition experiments were performed and the evolution of viral population was assessed by droplet digital RT-PCR. I38T did not alter in vitro replication. I38T induced comparable titres vs the WT in guinea pigs NWs and the two viruses transmitted equally by direct contact. However, a 50 %:50 % mixture inoculum evolved to mean WT/I38T ratios of 71 %:29 % and 66.4 %:33.6 % on days 4 and 6 p.i., respectively. Contemporary influenza A(H3N2)-I38T PA variants may conserve a significant level of viral fitness.

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