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2021-1-21 14:10:55

Wang S, Liang T, Luo Q, et al. H9N2 swine influenza virus infection-induced damage is mediated by TRPM2 channels in mouse pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells. Microb Pathog. 2020;104408
submited by kickingbird at Jul, 27, 2020 10:1 AM from Microb Pathog. 2020;104408

Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of influenza virus infection. Increasing evidences show that transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2), a Ca2+-permeable non-selective cation channel, plays an important role in the pathomechanism of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-coupled diseases. The present study investigated the role of TRPM2 in pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) during H9N2 influenza virus infection. We knocked down TRPM2 in PMVECs using TRPM2 shRNA lentiviral particles. Subsequently, we utilized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry to compare ROS levels, DNA damage, mitochondrial integrity, apoptosis, and inflammatory factors between control and TRPM2-knockdown PMVECs following H9N2 influenza virus infection. Inhibition of TRPM2 channels reduced H9N2 virus-induced intracellular ROS production, decreased DNA damage, and inhibited H9N2-induced cellular apoptosis. This study shows that the inhibition of TRPM2 channels may protect PMVECs from the damage caused by H9N2 virus infection. Our results highlight the importance of TRPM2 in modulating ROS production, apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, cytokine expression, and DNA damage in H9N2 virus-infected PMVECs, and suggest that TRPM2 may be a potential antiviral target.

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